- Unit Standard 376480
- Place: New Germany
- Credits: 8
- Duration: 5 Days
This unit standard is to enable the first responder to react to emergencies at an advanced first aid level, until the arrival of more professional emergency personnel.
• Recognise and manage a range of emergencies according to the prescribed protocols
• Render basic First Aid to the community even if the required resources have to be improvised.
The regulated first aid and identified additional equipment is described and demonstrated in accordance with the specific identified needs.
First aid emergency equipment is stored, and maintenance is described and demonstrated according to required specifications and accessibility for use.
Stored first aid emergency equipment is regularly checked and maintained.
Potential disasters are identified in terms of their probability of occurrence in a specified area.
The principles and implementation methods of the situational disaster management plans are explained in terms of establishment, activation and maintenance.
The potential health hazards that may result from an emergency scene/disaster are identified, assessed, and required actions are explained.
The method of triage and treatment is explained in accordance with the current, accepted protocols.
Mobilisation activities for emergency services, relevant to the place of occurrence and the specific needs are identified and explained.
Secondary patient assessment and ongoing care is explained and demonstrated
Anatomy of the various human body systems is described in accordance with accepted terminology
The macro physiology of the various organs is explained in accordance with accepted terminology.
Disorders and/or diseases relevant to a specified area are identified and described according to signs and first aid management.
Disorders and/or diseases include but are not limited to:
Head injuries, epileptic seizures, stroke, poisoning, cyanosis, chest pain which radiates or includes the lower jaw and/or arm, drowning, poisonous chemical inhalation, croup, asthma, sucking chest wound, flail chest, hyper/hypothermia, severe headaches, excessive diarrhoea, vomiting, any haemorrhage, fractures, amputations, dislocations, sprains, abdominal pain, bowel evisceration and emergency childbirth.
Apply primary first aid life support for adults, children and infants according to accepted current protocols. The primary survey is conducted; signs and symptoms are identified and recorded in terms of required protocols. Methods of managing airway obstruction/choking are demonstrated.
Including but not limited to:
One/two-rescuer CPR is explained and demonstrated with the use of barrier ventilation devices, utilising appropriately sized manikins.
Devices include but are not limited to:
Mouthpiece, pocket mask and bag-valve-mask
Recovery positions are demonstrated with and without a spinal board and spider harness in accordance with the safety and comfort of the patient
The patient is transported according to the injury, disorder or condition of the patient/s and available means of transport.
Pulse sites and pulse monitoring are explained and demonstrated in terms of monitoring of the condition of the patient.
Oxygen therapy is demonstrated, and the dangers of open oxygen are explained.
Carotid, radial, brachial, pedal and popliteal
The signs of shock are identified and explained
The emergency treatment of shock is described and demonstrated according to the symptoms presented
Head tilt-chin lift; finger sweep; Heimlich manoeuvre/chest thrust/abdominal thrust; cardio-pulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and recovery position/lateral position. Learners should only be assessed on this level 3 unit standard if they have already achieved the level 2 unit standard.
Qualifying learners will be capable of:
- Explaining the principles of advanced first aid in emergencies.
• Demonstrating an advanced level of preparedness to deal with sudden illness or emergency.
• Assessing and managing an emergency scene/disaster.
• Describing the anatomy and explaining the physiology of the human body systems in terms of injury or sudden illness.
• Applying primary first aid for all age groups according to accepted current first aid protocols.
• Explaining and managing shock.
UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE
- Current, applicable legislation.
• Emergency materials, equipment and/or possible improvisation.
• Ethics and scope of practice of a first responder.
• Primary and secondary assessment.
• Applied anatomy and physiology.
• Safe oxygen administration.
• Measurement of blood pressure and pulse.
• Soft tissue injuries.
• Eye injuries.
• Ear injuries.
• Universal precautions regarding safe management of blood and body fluids.
• Developmental adaptations applicable for sick and injured older persons, adults, children or infants.
• Signs and symptoms of common infectious diseases.
• Levels of consciousness.
• Hand-over report.